Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Matters

The ADA is a civil rights law that prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities in all areas of public life, including jobs, schools, transportation, and all public and private places that are open to the general public. ADA’s purpose is to make sure that people with disabilities have the same rights and opportunities as everyone else. The ADA is divided into five titles listed below:

Title I - Employment

Title I helps people with disabilities access the same employment opportunities and benefits available to people without disabilities. It applies to employers with 15 or more employees. Title I requires employers to provide reasonable accommodations to qualified applicants or employees.

Title II - Public Services: State and Local Government

Title II prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability by “public entities” such as state and local government agencies. It requires public entities to make their programs, services and activities accessible to individuals with disabilities.

Title III - Public Accommodations and Services Operated by Private Entities

Title III prohibits places of public accommodation from discriminating against individuals with disabilities. It sets the minimum standards for accessibility for alterations and new construction of commercial facilities and privately owned public accommodations. It requires that businesses take steps necessary to communicate effectively with customers with vision, hearing, and speech disabilities.

Title IV - Telecommunications

Title IV requires telephone and internet companies to provide a nationwide system of interstate and intrastate telecommunications relay services that allow individuals with hearing or speech disabilities to communicate over the telephone.

Title V - Miscellaneous Provisions

Title V contains a variety of provisions relating to state immunity, impact on insurance providers and benefits, prohibitions against retaliation and coercion, illegal use of drugs, and attorney’s fees.

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